Improving the Management of Powdery Mildew of Cucurbits 1999
Margaret Tuttle McGrath, Dept. of Plant Pathology, Riverhead
Nina Shishkoff, Dept. of Plant Pathology, Riverhead
Molly Kyle Jahn, Dept. of Plant Breeding, Ithaca
Anusuya Rangarajan, Dept. of Fruit & Vegetable Science, Ithaca
Joseph Sieczka, Dept. of Fruit & Vegetable Science, Ithaca
Dale Moyer, Vegetable/Potato Specialist, CCE Suffolk County
Abby Seaman, Western NY Vegetable IPM Specialist
The primary goals of this project were to evaluate powdery mildew resistant (PMR) pumpkins and to determine if there is a benefit of applying fungicides to PMR pumpkins.
Through this project, resistant varieties of pumpkin were shown to be an effective way to manage powdery mildew; however, challenges were also revealed. Two powdery mildew resistant (PMR) varieties were commercially available when this study was conducted. Magic Lantern was shown to be less resistant than an experimental pumpkin line being developed by Harris Moran (HMX 6687) or a Cornell line (98-714). There was a benefit to applying fungicides to Magic Lantern. An integrated program was highly effective: there was significantly less powdery mildew on PMR Magic Lantern receiving a 14-day fungicide program than on susceptible Wizard receiving a 7-day fungicide program. The other PMR variety, Merlin, was found to be very susceptible to bacterial wilt.
A range in susceptibility was also detected among PMR muskmelons. Both race 1 and 2, but not race 3, were present based on powdery mildew occurrence on differential genotypes. Some PMR muskmelons with resistance to both race 1 and 2 (Starfire and HMX 7607) had significantly less powdery mildew than PMR muskmelons with resistance only to race 1 (Eclipse and HMX 7606). Apollo, which has resistance to both races, had a similar amount of mildew as Eclipse. Applying fungicides to Eclipse and to Apollo improved control. The 7-day program was more effective than the 14-day program when compared using Eclipse.
Other diseases, which are controlled by fungicides used for powdery mildew, can become a problem when resistant varieties are used alone to control powdery mildew. Anthracnose was a much greater problem in nontreated than fungicide-treated plots in the muskmelon experiment. Also, PMR varieties may be more susceptible to other diseases than other varieties. PMR pumpkin Merlin had a higher incidence of bacterial wilt than susceptible pumpkin Harvest Moon (90% vs 3% on 25 Aug) in another IPM-funded project.
It was not possible to investigate the possibility that PMR pumpkins and squashes, like PMR muskmelons, respond differentially to the races of the powdery mildew fungus. Phytophthora blight developed in this research field.