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Long-term Evaluation and Improvement of Golf Turf Management Systems with Reduced Chemical Pesticide Inputs: 2006 Preliminary Report

Download the entire report in pdf format, 210k

Project Leaders: J. Grant, NYS IPM Program, Cornell University; F. Rossi, Department of Horticulture, Cornell University

Cooperators: A. Wilson, K. Wegman, C. Currier , D. Catalano, Bethpage State Park

2006 was the sixth year of a study assessing the feasibility and performance of golf course putting green turf comparing traditional management techniques with an IPM approach utilizing population-based pest management and to a system that utilizes biologically-based controls and reduced risk chemistry.

The work, initially funded by the USGA, was initiated on the Green Course at the Bethpage State Park, Long Island, New York in 2001. Funding for 2005-2007 is being provided by NE IPM (USDA). The Green Course is one of five public courses at the Park and accommodates approximately 50,000 rounds of golf annually. The greens are made of push-up native soil and have been heavily sand top-dressed for the last six years, and are typical of a high-use public course in a northern metropolitan community.  A more detailed discussion of methodology and results from 2001 through 2003 can be found at, and the 2004 and 2005 reports at This is a preliminary report for 2006.