General Crop Condition
Alfalfa was 12 to 16 inches at the SUNY Cobleskill farm this week (August
Some of the TAg field scouts are reporting that potato leafhopper infestations
declined this week. This might be from the heavy rain and thunderstorms
we have been having. A heavy rain or thunderstorm can reduce a population
of potato leafhoppers in an alfalfa field. You really need to check
the infestation after a heavy rain or thunderstorm to make sure.
For more information, see Potato Leafhopper
on Alfalfa Management Guide, 302k pdf file
of potato leafhopper
General Crop Condition
Field corn at the SUNY Cobleskill farm was starting to pollinate this
week (August 5).
A few counties have reported fields over threshold for corn rootworm
(CRW). Some of the corn plants have the classic goose neck symptoms
of corn rootworm feeding.
Remember, when taking beetle counts you are monitoring to assess the
potential that CRW's will lay enough eggs in the field to cause damage
to next year's corn crop. Taking beetle counts is important but make
sure you stop to check a portion of the female western CRW's for the
actual presence of eggs. Squeeze the abdomens of the yellow and black
striped CRWs and look for the small yellow - white eggs. It takes CRW
about three weeks from the time the adult beetles emerge from the soil
and mate until the time the females are gravid. In this time period
you may find high CRW numbers in a field but since the females are not
yet capable of laying eggs they are not causing an economic problem.
This is the reasoning behind sampling the same field 2-3 times before
making the management decision. Being pollen feeders and highly mobile,
CRW's may relocate to another pollinating field during the 3 week period.
Comparing the two types of fields, the second field is at greater risk
from subsequent CRW damage since females (and their eggs) will have
matured and are ready for deposit.
When is the best time to control corn rootworm if a field exceeds the
The following year!
If there is a field over the action threshold what are the options
for control next season?
The best option to control corn rootworm is crop rotation. Corn
after corn is prime habitat for corn rootworm and will increase infestations
from year to year.
Crop rotation is not always possible so ....... The second management
option is the use of a soil-applied insecticide at planting. To select
an insecticide registered for corn rootworm, please consult the Cornell
Guide for Integrated Field Crop Management.
Additional CRW management technologies may be available for use
during the 2004. Check with your seed supplier about the availability
of CRW insecticide treated seed and / or CRW active Bt hybrids
How to Monitor for Corn
Franklin County reports a very heavy infection of powdery mildew on
malting barley. Powdery mildew appears as a dusty white to gray coating
over leaf surfaces.
Mildew Fact Sheet
of Powdery Mildew on Barley
High populations of soybean aphids, in excess of 1000 per plant, have
been reported in some soybean fields in central NY. If anyone in Eastern
York is scouting soybeans and discovers soybean aphids I would like
to report the levels you might be observing in fields.
Sclerotinia stem rot/white mold
As soybean fields continue growing and canopies begin to close keep
on the lookout for sclerotinia stem rot/white mold caused by Sclerotinia
sclerotiorum. Field symptoms include isolated patches of stunted, yellow
or lodged plants. A fluffy white mycelium can be found on the lower
stem and surrounding ground. Small black pellet-like sclerotia may also
be present on or in affected stems or on the mycelium. Affected stems
will be soft and mushy at infection site.
See next week's report for fall weed considerations!
Do you know the number of growing degree-days in your region today?
Check this website: NEW
YORK GROWING DEGREE-DAY TRACKER
(Base Temp. 50F)
Contributors to this week's pest report!
Jeff Miller (Oneida County)
Beth Spaugh (Clinton County)
David Norton (TAg Scout: Chenango, Fulton, Montgomery, Herkimer, Otsego,
Madison, Oneida Counties)
Kevin Ganoe (Chenango, Fulton, Montgomery, Herkimer, Otsego Counties)
Richard Gast (TAg Scout: Franklin County)
Jonathan Wisbeski (Orange County)
Keith Waldron (NYS Field Crops and Livestock IPM Coordinator)
Ken Wise (Eastern New York)